Fragments lack a subject, a verb, or a complete thought. Listed below are different types of sentence fragments, along with examples and corrections.
Prepositional Phrase Fragments
Prepositional phrase fragments involve prepositions (for, to, during, through, etc.).
He went to Florida. For a month.
Correction: He went to Florida for a month.
During the storm. The dog ran away.
Correction: During the storm, the dog ran away.
The dog ran away. During the storm.
Correction: The dog ran away during the storm.
Infinitive fragments are fragments that use the infinitive or dictionary form of a verb.
Eric left college. To pursue a career in the NFL.
Correction: Eric left college to pursue a career in the NFL.
Sally turned down the job offer. To go to college.
Correction: Sally turned down the job offer to go to college.
These fragments use a verb that ends in -ing.
The twins are full of mischief. Always looking for trouble.
Correction: Always looking for trouble, the twins are full of mischief.
Needing help. The woman called 911.
Correction: Needing help, the woman called 911.
Dependent clause fragments do not express a complete thought. They need an independent clause to make them a complete sentence.
After Simon won the lottery.
Correction: After Simon won the lottery, he purchased a new home.
Because Beatrice is allergic to cats.
Correction: Because Beatrice is allergic to cats, her husband cannot have one.
Fragments using subordinate clauses
These fragments happen when a writer tries to use a subordinate clause as a sentence.
I will skip practice. Provided that it rains.
Correction: Provided that it rains, I will skip practice.
She has lived in Farmville. Since 2011.
Correction: She has lived in Farmville since 2011.
Relative pronoun fragments
These fragments include relative pronouns (that, which, who, whose, etc. ). These fragments cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.
John dates Cindy. Who lives in Rustburg.
Correction: John dates Cindy who lives in Rustburg.
She is referencing Cindy. Whose mother won the lottery.
Correction: She is referencing Cindy whose mother won the lottery.