Professor Emeritus of Political Science
- 1970-present, Professor, University of Lynchburg, Lynchburg, Virginia
- 1967-1969, Instructor, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia
- 1964-1966, Instructor, Wofford College, Spartanburg, South Carolina
- 1976-1992, City Council of Lynchburg, Virginia
- 1976-1978, Mayor, City of Lynchburg, Virginia (elected by City Council)
- 1979-1981, Member, Governor’s Local Government Advisory Council
- 1981, Chairman, State-wide A-95 Grant Review Study for U.S. Senator John Warner
- PhD – University of Virginia, 1969
- MA – University of Virginia, 1963
- BA – Indiana University, 1961
- Local Government in Virginia: Materials and Resources for Teachers (Charlottesville, Va.: Center for Public Service, 1993).
- “Gebser’s Understanding of Political Practice,” in Eric Kramer and Algis Mickunas, eds., Consciousness and Culture: An Introduction to the Thought of Jean Gebser (Westport, Ct.: Greenwood Press, 1992).
- Government is Good (Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press, 1992).
- “Local Office Holders and the Public” National Civic Review, Winter 2000
- Local Government
- Experimental Approaches to Political Science
- Problems of Governance