Modifiers: Comparisons

Adjectives and adverbs have comparative and superlative forms. The comparative form is used to compare two things. The superlative form is used to compare more than two things. Most adjectives and adverbs use an -er ending in the comparative form and an -est ending in the superlative form.

When using a comparative or superlative form of an adjective or an adverb, it is very important to complete the comparison made in the sentence. For example, do not write: My pie tastes better. Instead, write: My pie tastes better than yours. By completing the comparison you have shown the reader that you are comparing, rather than just explaining, what one is more or less.

  • Ex. 2.6. Pretty (adjective), prettier (comparative), prettiest (superlative)
  • Ex. 2.7. Good (adjective), better (comparative), best (superlative)

Create the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives.

Old, _________ (comparative), _________ (superlative)

Sharp, _________ (comparative), _________ (superlative)

Create a sentence using the comparative or superlative form of an adjective given above or create one of your own comparisons using an adjective or adverb. Be sure to complete the comparison by using than.

Another form incorporates the use of more/most or less/least before the adjective or adverb.

  • Ex. 2.8. Creative (adjective), more creative (comparative), most creative (superlative)

Fill in the comparative and superlative form below using more/most and less/least.

Frequently (adverb), ______________ (comparative), ______________ (superlative)

Often (adverb), ______________ (comparative), ______________ (superlative)

More examples:

I ran hard today. (Hard is the adverb which modifies ran)

I ran harder today than I did yesterday. (Hard is in the form of a comparative adverb. It is comparing two ideas. How hard I ran today is compared with how hard I ran yesterday.)

Of all the days I have run this week I ran hardest on Wednesday. (Hardest is in the form of a superlative adverb. It is comparing more than two ideas. How hard I ran on each day of the week is being compared.)

Create a sentence of your own using a comparative adjective or adverb. Be sure to complete the comparison by using than.

Created by Cindy Montgomery